| ||On the issue of the principles of making decision on radiological protection of population in case of a nuclear accident (preprint IBRAE-1999-01)|
In the study presented the general principles of intervention for radiological protection of population are examined. As demonstrated, the focus on exclusively radiological principles and criteria has not proved itself in full measure. The author suggests that the existing set of basic principles will be extended so that to take into consideration public perception of sufficiency of the protective measures undertaken by the authorities. Introduction of this new principle allows the problems of population and environment protection to be treated more widely. The questions one deals with when neglecting peculiarities of their perception by the society are shown by the example of eliminating consequences of the Chernobyl accident.
Linge I.I. ON THE ISSUE OF THE PRINCIPLES OF MAKING DECISION ON RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION OF POPULATION IN CASE OF A NUCLEAR ACCIDENT. Preprint IBRAE-99-01. Moscow: Nuclear Safety Institute. April 1999. 20 p. — Refs.: 23 items.
| ||Environmental Impact of Power Cycles: external costs and problems of decision making (preprint IBRAE-1998-14)|
Methodological bases of an integrated approach for decision making in power industry are considered. The objective that this approach aims is one of meeting the demand for energy, with an acceptable degree of reliability, at minimum cost.
Appendixes include programs (developed in the end of 80th and in the beginning of 90th, but not realized till now) on the research of environmental impact of energy industry and accounting of the impact in current and prospective projects.
Afanasiev A.A. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF POWER CYCLES: EXTERNAL COSTS AND PROBLEMS OF DECISION MAKING. Preprint IBRAE-98-14. Moscow. Nuclear Safety Institute. August 1998. 56 p. — Refs.: 82 items.
| ||Development of the Theory of Fission Gas Bubble Evolution in Irradiated UO2 Fuel (preprint IBRAE-1998-12)|
The new obvious three--layer difference scheme of the second order with a space splitting temporary derivative (scheme «Cabaret») for a Kortweg — de Vriez equation have been constructed and investigated. The dispersion properties of the submitted scheme have been analyzed. It has been shown that the scheme «Cabaret» has the improved transport characteristics on non uniform space grids.
Sukhodulov D.A. Difference scheme «Cabaret» for a Kortweg — de Vriez equation. Preprint IBRAE-98-12. Moscow. Nuclear Safety Institute. Jule 1998. 21 p. — Refs.: 6 items.
| ||Development of the Theory of Fission Gas Bubble Evolution in Irradiated UO2 Fuel (preprint IBRAE-1998-11)|
In the present paper the standard approaches for modelling of the inter- and intragranular bubbles evolution in the UO2 fuel are critically analyzed on the basis of available experimental data. It is demonstrated that the main source of errors in the simplified treatment of the problem by the standard models can be associated with underestimation of the radiation effects at low temperatures (below 1500°Ñ) and thermal effects at high temperatures (above 1500°Ñ). The presented analysis allows quantitative description of the bubble nucleation mechanism, adequate modelling of the bubble diffusional growth, and evaluation of the intragranular bubble number density and stable size attained under steady irradiation conditions.
Veshchunov M.S. DEVELOPMENT OF THE THEORY OF FISSION GAS BUBBLE EVOLUTION IN IRRADIATED UO2 FUEL. Preprint IBRAE-98-11. Moscow. Nuclear Safety Institute. Jule 1998. 15 p. — Refs.: 33 items.
| ||Non-liner correction of «CABARET» scheme (preprint IBRAE-1998-08)|
Goloviznin V.M., Karabasov S.A.
This paper examines a conservative correction mechanism enforcing positivity under big-scale space variations for a linear three time layered finite-difference scheme named «Cabaret». The distinguished features of the latter one are a spatially split time derivative, the second order of consistency for convection transfer equation and enhanced dissipation and dispersion properties. Qualities of the new algorithm are illustrated by a set of test runs for transfer equation. This technique is implemented for classical hyperbolic system of equations for the Bacley-Laverett filtration problem. It is concluded that the proposed method is more accurate than the first-order upwind discretization depicting sharp saturation front and front inversion.
Goloviznin V.M., Karabasov S.A. NON-LINER CORRECTION OF «CABARET» SCHEME. Preprint IBRAE-98-07. Moscow. Nuclear Safety Institute. June 1998. 17 p. — Refs.: 8 items.
| ||The equilibrium price formation in energy generation on basis of the discount cost (preprint IBRAE-1998-07)|
Price formation for electricity generation is discussed on the basis of the production, levelized and discount costs. It is demostrated that discount rate is determining by the electricity cost decline rate as the result of scientific and technical progress and is not connected with percent on capital investment. Starting from famous determination of levelized cost, firm’s theory and also setting line of the applied tasks is came by common equation for the price formation law. It is shown that rule of equilibrium price formation used in the levelized cost theory from the very beginning. However enactment into this theory of the investment efficiency normative lead to violation of this bedrock rule. The equilibrium price formation is considered as the basis of the economy matching of the energy development versions into market economy.
Karkhov A.N.THE EQUILIBRIUM PRICE FORMATION IN ENERGY GENERATION ON BASIS OF THE DISCOUNT COST. Preprint IBRAE-98-07. Moscow. Nuclear Safety Institute. June 1998. 58 p. — Refs.: 28 items.
| ||The model of data acquisition channel for automatic radiation monitoring system (preprint IBRAE-1998-06)|
Bogatov S.A., Gavrilov S.L., Glushko A.V., Danilyan V.A., Egorkin A.A., Ermolaev A.I., Kabalevsky S.A., Kanevsky M.F., Kiselev V.P., Kulik A.V., Leonov A.F., Serov A.N., Chernov S.Y.
The description of the model of data acquisition channel for automatic radiation monitoring system is presented. The model includes two measurement channels (spectral and integral) and software for data acquisition, processing and visualization and modeling of development of accidental situations.
Bogatov S.A., Gavrilov S.L., Glushko A.V., Danilyan V.A., Egorkin A.A., Ermolaev A.I., Kabalevsky S.A., Kanevsky M.F., Kiselev V.P., Kulik A.V., Leonov A.F., Serov A.N., Chernov S.Y. THE MODEL OF DATA ACQUISITION CHANNEL FOR AUTOMATIC RADIATION MONITORING SYSTEM. Preprint IBRAE-98-06. Moscow. Nuclear Safety Institute. May 1998. 19 p. — Refs.: 1 items.
| ||World electricity reforms (preprint IBRAE-1998-05)|
Dyakonov Ye.I., Kanevskaya E.V., Ogar V.P., Trunov V.M., Sharov Ye.I.
This work is the review of world electricity reforms. The most detailed characteristics of industry reforming in Australia, Argentina, the United Kingdom, Norway, New Zealand, the USA and Chile — the countries, which initiated electricity privatization and restructuring — are presented here. The main features and problems of these countries reforms are common for other nations and allow to analyze world electricity reform policy. Industry reforms of selected nations can also be considered as the models for electricity transformations carried elsewhere. This review is largely based on Internet information and data analyzing.
Dyakonov Ye.I., Kanevskaya E.V., Ogar V.P., Trunov V.M., Sharov Ye.I. WORLD ELECTRICITY REFORMS. Preprint IBRAE-98-05. Moscow. Nuclear Safety Institute. May 1998. 33 p. — Refs.: 38 items.
| ||TECHNIQUE FOR ASSESSING THE EFFECTIVENESS AND CHOICE OF REHABILITATION MEASURES TAKEN TO ELIMINATE THE CONSEQUENCES OF NATURAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL CATASTROPHES (the case of Chernobyl NPP Accident) (preprint IBRAE-1998-04)|
Abalkina I.L., Blinov B.K., Linge I.I., Simonov A.V.
Eliminating the consequences of an accident is a complex problem, involving technological, economic and social factors. Decisionmakers have to analyse and assess multiple parameters affecting the effectiveness and credibility of specific measures taken. The proposed decision-aiding system can be used to formalize and prioritize both quantitative and qualitative information collected from various sources. Varying data inputs to make calculations gives the opportunity to compare and assess very different projects in respect to selected goals of rehabilitation.
Abalkina I.L., Blinov B.K., Linge I.I., Simonov A.V. TECHNIQUE FOR ASSESSING THE EFFECTIVENESS AND CHOICE OF REHABILITATION MEASURES TAKEN TO ELIMINATE THE CONSEQUENCES OF NATURAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL CATASTROPHES (the case of Chernobyl NPP Accident). Preprint IBRAE-98-04. Moscow. Nuclear Safety Institute. March 1998. 43 p. — Refs.: 17 items.
| ||Databases development program for the specialized geographical information system RVS on radiation and hygienic consequences of the chernobyl accident (preprint IBRAE-1998-02)|
The work presents the specialized databases development and processing program system. The system was developed while creating the Generalized Databank on the Chernobyl accident consequences in IBRAE RAS.
Glushko A.V. DATABASES DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR THE SPECIALIZED GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM RVS ON RADIATION AND HYGIENIC CONSEQUENCES OF THE CHERNOBYL ACCIDENT. Preprint IBRAE-98-02. Moscow. Nuclear Safety Institute. February 1998. 35 p. — Refs.: 1 items.